Dry Bulk Ships
  Handysize
  Handymax
  Panamax
  Kamsarmax
  Capesize
  VLOC / VLBC
  Valemax

Dry bulk cargoes
  Coal
  Grain
  Iron ore
  Bauxite / Alumina
  Phosphate Rock

Minor dry bulk cargoes
  Petroleum Coke
  Manganese Ore
  Salt
  Tapioca

Market Data

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The terms VLOC (Very Large Ore Carrier) and VLBC (Very Large Bulk Carrier) describe ore carriers larger than 200,000 dwt. designed to carry iron ore.

The largest ships of the VLOC class, above 300,000 dwt, carry iron ore between Brazil and global markets (mostly Europe and Asia).

Due to their size there are only a comparatively small number of ports around the world with the infrastructure to accommodate such vessel size.

Recently, the Brazilian mining company Vale ordered ships with a DWT of just over 400.000 tonnes forming their own category: Valemax. The Valemax category is slightly larger than the Chinamax category with a DWT of around 380.000 tonnes.